The purpose of a building code is to establish the minimum and maximum requirements to safeguard the public health, safety, & general welfare through structural strength, means of egress facilities, stability, sanitation, adequate light and ventilation, energy conservation, & safety to life and property from fire and other hazards attributed to the built environment.
The Division of Building Codes Enforcement is responsible for reviewing plans & making inspections of new building construction, as well as additions, alterations, renovations and buildings involved in a change of occupancy (use) to ensure compliance with adopted codes & referenced standards. The Division of Building Codes Enforcement is divided into sections:
- Building Codes – Plan review and field inspection
- Electrical Inspection
- Elevator Inspection
- Manufactured Housing
- Electrical Licensing
Responsibilities for the enforcement of Kentucky Building Code (KBC) are shared between the Division of Building Codes Enforcement and the local government (city or county) building departments. Not all building construction projects require review & inspection by the Division of Building Codes Enforcement.
All subjects pertaining to building code are available in the Kentucky Building Code; Ninth Edition 2007, revised March 2011. The Kentucky Builiding Code is a "mini/maxi" code, meaning that it is a statewide uniform mandatory building code & no local government shall adopt or enforce any other building code; except that the Kentucky Residential Code shall govern detached single family dwellings, two-family dwellings, and townhouses.
Any owner or authorized agent who intends to construct, enlarge, remodel, or change the occupancy of a building, or to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert, or replace any electrical, gas, mechanical, or plumbing system, the installation of which is regulated by this code, or to cause any such work to be done, shall first make application to the building official and obtain the required permit.
The building official shall receive applications; review construction documents and issue permits for the erection, alteration, and moving of buildings and structures; inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued; and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.
The person to whom an annual permit is issued shall keep a detailed record of alterations made under such annual permits. The building official shall have access to such records at all times or such records shall be filed with the building official as designated.
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to erect, construct, alter, extend, repair, move, remove, or occupy any builiding, structure, or equipment regulated by this code, or cause the same to be done, in conflict with or in violation of any of the provisions.
Construction or work for which a permit is required shall be subject to inspection by the building official & such construction or work shall remain acessible & exposed for inspection purposes until approved. Approval as a result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdiction.
Footing and foundation inspections are appropriate after excavations for footings are complete & any required reinforcing steel is in place.
The building official shall make all of the required inpsections, or the building official shall have the authority to accept reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual.
Upon completion of the building, the owner, or agent of the facility shall request a final inspection. The building code official shall set a time for the inspection and notify the owner or agent.
CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
After the building official inspects the building or structure and finds no violations of the provisions of the Kentucky Building Code or other laws that are enforced by the department of building safety, the building official shall issue a certificate of occupancy.
Anyone who performs new construction and rewiring of existing structure; installs electrical wiring equipment devices, light fixtures, services and meter bases must first secure approval and a permit from the office of the Planning Commission. All such installations shall conform to the provisions of the National Electrical Code (NFPA 70).
It shall be unlawful to use or allow the use of, or to supply current for, an electrical system in a builiding or stucture without a final inspection and test and the required certificate of inspection has been issued by the certified electrical inspector.
The certified electrical inspector is authorized to give temporary permission for a reasonable time to supply and use current in part of an electric installation before such installation has been fully completed and the final certificate of approval has been issued.
All subjects pertaining to electrrical inspections are availabe in Chapter 27 of the 2007 Kentucky Building Code.